Anonymous:  “Fowls in the Frith”

2.1 "Intentional Fowls & Fallacies"

“Fowles in the Frith” (supplement)

2 Full Episode

Anonymous - “Fowles in the Frith” (Waywords)

2+ Bonus Episode

Anonymous - “Fowles in the Frith” (members)

Foweles in the frith,
The fisses in the flod,
And I mon waxe wod.
Sulch sorw I walke with
For beste of bon and blod.

“Put another way, the Canon of literature was an historical ‘conspiracy’ to create ideal readers, not about the best writers.


  • Ch1 - Intro
  • Ch2 - The Challenge of the Text
  • Ch3 - A Close Reading
  • Ch4 - Some Ways to Meaning
  • Ch5 - Essence of the Short Poem - Emily Dickinson
  • Ch6 - Medieval Songs and Philosophy
  • Ch7 - A History of Authorship
  • Ch8 - 99% Perspiration
  • **Ch9 - Related Works
  • **Ch10 - Who’s Your Daddy?
  • **Ch11 - Authorship and Ego
  • **Ch12 - Poetry Challenges the Sacred
  • Ch13 - Romantic Ego, Disintegration, and the Book
  • **Ch14 - Authors Absent and Present
  • Ch15 - BeFowling the Canon
  • Ch16 - Reason in the Frith
  • Ch 17 - Outro

**Available to our members on Episode 2+ (the full bonus episode)

Several years ago, I created a series of videos that examined various facets of literary theory. Here is one, a discussion between a student and T.S. Eliot which argues how the New Critics understand the Intentional Fallacy and making meaning from the text. 

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Bibliography for Main Episode

Borges, Jorge Luis. Professor Borges: A Course on English Literature. New Directions Publishing, 2013.
Burch, Michael. “Fowles in the Frith: A Modern English Translation of an Anonymous  Medieval English Lyric, circa 13th-14th Century AD.” The Hypertexts.
Debita, Gabriela. The Re-Emergence of Medieval Authorship Models in Contemporary Genres. 7th ed.,, 2017.
“‘Foweles in the Frith.’” Wikipedia, Accessed 1 Oct. 2021.
Fowles in the Frith (Middle English Lyric).
Ispir, Cristian. “Medieval Streaming.” 18 Oct. 2021,
Lumina Vocal Ensemble. “Medieval Music - Fowles in the Frith, Anon.” YouTube, 8 Mar. 2011,
Miller, David Lee. “Review: Poetic License: Authority and Authorship in Medieval and Renaissance Contexts .” South Atlantic Review, May 1988,
Norris, Paul. “Poem of the Week: Foweles in the Frith.” 30 Nov. 2018,
“Origin: Fowles in the Frith (Middle English).” MudCat Cafe: Lyrics and Knowledge, Accessed 1 Oct. 2021.
Palti, Kathleen. The Bound Earth in “Patience” and Other Middle English Poetry on JSTOR. 15 Oct. 2021,
Pittaway, Ian. “Foweles in Þe Frith (Birds in the Wood): Mystery and Beauty in a 13th Century Song.” Early Music Muse, 21 July 2021,
“Roman de La Rose.” British Library, Accessed 15 Oct. 2021.
Seaton, William. The Aesthetics of Ambiguity in a Medieval Lyric. 1 Dec. 2012,
Weiss, David. Poetry’s Bagatelle on JSTOR.
Youmans, Marly. Fowles in the Frith. 28 May 2016,
Young, David. The Names of a Hare in English: Les Noms de Un Levre En Englais on JSTOR.

Bibliography for Intentional Fallacy Supplement

​Barthes, Roland. “‘The Death of the Author.’” Image, Music, Text, 1977,

Eagleton, Terry. Literary Theory. U of Minnesota Press, 2008.


Fernflores, Rachel. “Beyond the Intentional Fallacy.” Literature and Aesthetics, Dec. 2010,

Foster, Thomas C. How to Read Literature Like a Professor Revised. Harper Collins, 2014.
Foucault, Michel. “‘What Is An Author?’” Modernity and Its Discontents, 1969,
Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism. Princeton University Press, 2000.
Knapp, Steven, and Walter Benn Michaels. “Against Theory .” Critical Inquiry, 1982,
Loter, Jim. Adventures in Authorland: Or Rethinking Intellectual History and the Death of the Author. 1995,
Palermo, Charles. “Intention and Interpretation.” Nonsite.Org, 1 July 2012,
Ricks, Christopher. “In Theory.” London Review of Books, 16 Apr. 1981,
Rosmarin, Adena. “On the Theory of ‘Against Theory’ .” Critical Inquiry, June 1983,
Shepherd, Reginald. “On the Intentional Fallacy by Reginald Shepherd | Poetry Foundation.” Poetry Foundation, 28 Oct. 2021,
Ward, Matt. “Against Against Theory - A Mind for Madness.” A Mind for Madness, 17 Feb. 2016,
Wimsatt, W., and MC. Beardsley. The Intentional Fallacy on JSTOR. 28 Oct. 2021,


Original music for The Waywords Podcast is by Randon Myles

Chapter headings by Natalie Harrison and Sarah Skaleski

Cite this podcast with MLA format:

Chisnell, Steve. “Anonymous - ‘Fowls in the Frith.’” Waywords Studio, 5 Nov. 2021,

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